Golf Scoring Terms (Par, Bogey, Birdie, Eagle, Albatross, and More)

Golf Scoring Terms

Scoring is an essential component of golf, influencing the sport’s competitive aspect and providing a consistent baseline for gauging performance.

 Understanding the popular golf scoring phrases is vital for players and spectators since it adds depth and interest to the game.

While over 100 golf phrases are crucial to know, we will focus on the most critical scoring terms in this tutorial.

Understanding these scoring concepts is essential for completely immersing yourself in the game, whether you’re out on the course playing or watching broadcast golf.

In this blog article, we will discuss the meaning of these phrases and why they are essential for every golf enthusiast to understand.

Names Of Golf Scoring Terms:


A hole’s standard score depends on its length and difficulty.


A birdie is a score of one stroke less than par on a hole.


it is a hole score that is one stroke higher than par.


A hole that is two strokes under par.

Albatross (Double Eagle)

 A hole three strokes under par.

A double bogey

is when you score two strokes over par on a hole.

Triple bogey

 is when you score three strokes over par on a hole.


A shot that goes directly into the hole from the tee, resulting in a one-stroke score.

Par Save

Making par after a challenging scenario on the hole.

Up and Down

Getting the ball into the hole in two strokes when it was just off the green or in a bunker.

Sand Save

Getting the ball out of a bunker and into the hole in two strokes or less.


The specifically prepared area surrounding the hole with short grass.

Tee Box

The point at which players tee off on each hole.

Stroke Play

A scoring technique in which the winner is determined by the total number of strokes taken throughout the round.

Explanation of Golf Scoring Terms

·       Par:

The standard score for a hole is par. It denotes how many strokes an excellent golfer will likely take to accomplish the spot.

Varied holes have varied par values, such as par 3, par 4, and par 5. When a player scores par on a fix, it signifies they finished it in the predicted number of strokes.

The United States Golf Association (USGA) establishes distance rules for determining par ratings that differ for men and women.

The USGA’s distance guidelines for men are as follows:

Par 3: up to 250 yards

Par 4: 251 to 470 yards.

Par 5: 401 to 690 yards.

The USGA’s distance guidelines for ladies are as follows:

Par 3: Up to 210 yards 

Par 4: 211-400 yards

Par 5:  401 to 575 yards.

Discover how golf scoring terms, including birdies and eagles, factor into your handicap.


When playing an 18-hole golf course, the par rating is a total of the par values assigned to each hole.

 The “course par” or “total par” for the whole course is determined by the sum of these par values. Pars for golf courses typically range between 69 and 73, par-72 being the most common for an 18-hole course.

·       Birdie

A birdie is earned when a golfer completes a hole in one stroke less than par.

A birdie is made when a par 4 hole is finished in three strokes. A birdie is a great accomplishment that exhibits talent and precision.

·       Bogey

A bogey happens when a golfer completes a hole with one stroke more than the par value allocated to that hole.

 The total score of all holes played determines a player’s overall score in golf. Bogeys and other scores such as birdies, pars, and double bogeys count towards the total.

A golfer would shoot 90 if they made a bogey on every hole of a par-72 course.

  • A double bogey:  

When a golfer finishes a hole with two strokes over par, they have made a double bogey.

 For example, if a spot has a par of 4, getting six results in a double bogey.

·       Triple bogey: 

When a golfer finishes a hole with three strokes over par, this is referred to as a triple bogey.

 A 7 on a par-4 hole, for example, would result in a triple bogey.

  • Eagle: 

An eagle is a golf scoring phrase that refers to a score of two strokes below par on a single hole. Golfers have the best chance of scoring Eagles on par-5 holes.

 Because of the length of these courses, skilled players may hit long and precise drives, putting them in a good position for their approach approaches to the green.

  • Albatross (Double Eagle):

An albatross, often known as a double eagle, is achieved when a golfer completes a hole with three strokes under par.

 For example, a two on a par-5 hole would result in an albatross.

It is an uncommon and outstanding performance demonstrating the golfer’s ability to combine long drives, perfect approach shots, and extraordinary putting skills.

Explore how golf ball selection can impact your scores, whether you’re chasing birdies or albatrosses.

·       Hole-in-one:

A hole-in-one, commonly known as an “ace,” occurs when a golfer completes a hole by striking the ball directly into the cup from the tee with a single stroke.

Due to its rarity, a hole-in-one is a remarkable achievement. According to American Hole ‘N One, the odds of an average golfer hitting a hole-in-one on a par-3 hole are roughly 12,500 to 1.

Professional golfers have better odds, with over 2,500 to 1 chance. These statistics emphasize the unusual nature of a hole-in-one and its significance in golf.

·       Par Save:

A par save happens when a golfer completes a hole with a score equal to or better than the official par for that hole.

A par save, for example, is achieved by completing a par four hole in four strokes or less.

·       Up and Down:

An up-and-down happens when a golfer successfully chips, pitches, or puts the ball into the hole in two strokes or less after missing the green in regulation (failing to reach the green with their approach shot).

Assume you’re playing a par-4 hole, and your approach shot lands in the rough right off the green. You only have two strokes left to finish the spot and aim to get up and down for a par.

·       Sand Save:

A “sand save” in golf refers to a golfer completing a hole with a score of par or better after striking their ball into a greenside bunker.

Assume you’re playing a par-4 hole, and your tee ball lands in a greenside bunker. You aim to make a successful sand save and finish the hole with a par score.

·       Green

The “green” in golf refers to the beautifully maintained putting surface surrounding the hole. Assume you’re standing on the green, evaluating a 20-foot putt with a small left-to-right break.

As you travel around the putt, you see the green’s modest slope from left to right and the grain of the grass heading toward the hole.

·       Tee Box: 

The tee box is the designated area where each hole begins in the game of golf. It is the starting point for golfers to launch their tee shots and set the tone for the entire spot.

·       Stroke Play:

It requires determining the number of strokes each player takes during the course or a certain number of holes. Players compete in stroke play to earn a berth in the main event during the qualifying rounds of a major tournament.

Their total scores are recorded over a set number of holes or games, and the participants with the lowest scores receive admittance into the coveted competition.